A calcaneus fracture occurs when there is a break to the heel bone. Although somewhat uncommon, they can occur as the result of a high-impact event—such as a car accident or a fall—or a twisting injury to the ankle. As a result, the heel typically becomes deformed, and surgery is required in order to reconstruct the normal shape of the heel and provide mobility.
The talus (or ankle) bone connects the back of the foot with the leg, joining with the tibia and fibula to form the ankle joint, and allowing for motion within the ankle. Fracturing the talus is thus equal to breaking the ankle bone, and typically involves severe ankle pain, bruising, and swelling, with an inability to walk due to these symptoms.
Fractures occur when one or more of the ankle bones are broken. There are numerous types of ankle fractures that can occur, but two of the more serious types are bimalleolar and trimalleolar fractures. In general, the more bones that are broken, the more unstable the ankle joint becomes, and ligaments can become damaged, as well.
There are close to 2 million people in the United States living with a loss of a limb or extremity. Trauma from a car crash or workplace accident represent 45% of all amputations. (Source: Amputee Coalition). Motor vehicle accidents, motorcycle accidents, bicycle accidents or a pedestrian being struck by a car, motorcycle or bike as well as workplace injuries and falls all may lead to an amputation. Below knee amputations are the most common amputation.
Lower leg fractures occur when the tibia or fibula bone is broken. The tibia, or shinbone, is a weight bearing-bone that helps supports our body weight. It is the second longest bone in the body and it is located on the inside half of the leg and runs from the knee to the ankle. No other bone in the human body is broken more often than the tibia bone. The fibula runs alongside the tibia. It is thinner than the tibia. Most tibia fractures cause the fibula to fracture.