Broken arms are one the most common injuries. Children, adolescents and adults can all suffer arm fracture injuries. Arm fractures account for approximately 50 percent of all the bone fractures that occur on a yearly basis. Often times these injuries are caused by another person’s negligence or carelessness. Great amounts of force are required in order for any of the arm bones to fracture.
Bone fractures are a common occurrence. Most people will experience at least two fractures over the course of their lifetime. Generally speaking, the older we get the weaker our bones grow. As we age our bones lose density becoming thinner and more brittle over time. Broken bones and fractures occur when the amount of force exerted on the bone is stronger than the bone. Car, truck and motorcycle accidents and other accidents producing high impact collisions are quite capable of generating enough force to break bones. Degenerative bone conditions like osteoporosis also make bones more susceptible to the stress generated in high impact collisions.
The humerus bone is located in the upper arm and it is the largest bone in the arm. The shoulder joint connects to the top of the humerus while the elbow joint connects to the bottom of the humerus. The bottom of the humerus connects to two other bones at the elbow to create the forearm. The radius bone meets with the humerus bone at the elbow joint and runs down the outside of the arm where the thumb is located. The ulna bone also meets with the humerus bone at the elbow joint but it runs down the inside of the arm down to the pinky finger.
The bottom of the tibia and fibula come together to form the ankle which connects to the ligaments, tendons and bones in the foot. The tibia and fibula can break if the ankle is severely twisted. The ankle is comprised of three bones. The type of ankle fracture depends on which of the ankle’s many bones have been broken. Several bones can be injured in the same accident. Ankle fractures can involve all three ankle bones and the several ankle joints. Damage to the connecting tissues, ligaments and muscles occurs in conjunction with ankle fracture injuries.
We rely heavily on our legs. Getting out of bed in the morning, walking down the stairs or walking outside to get the mail are some of things we do on a daily basis. These things are so routine that we do them with little conscious thought. When we break a leg we realize how much we take our legs for granted on a daily basis. What took five seconds to walk down the stairs now takes one minute on crutches with a broken leg. These injuries need to be taken seriously because our legs play such an important role in our everyday lives.
The elbow joint is especially susceptible to injury. The bones of the upper arm come together with the bones of the forearm to form the elbow joint. Tremendous amounts of force are generated in car accidents. This force places an extreme amount of tension on the arms especially when the arms are holding the steering wheel tight in an attempt to brace for impact moments before the crash. This force is often too much for the elbow to withstand. The elbow usually gives way under this pressure and fractures. Also, side impact collisions can crush vehicle doors inward so that they come in contact with the side of driver or passenger’s body. The impact between the displaced door and the arm and elbow can generate enough force to fracture the elbow.
The femur, or thighbone, is the biggest bone in the human body. Because it is the biggest it is also the strongest. A tremendous amount of force is requirement for the femur bone to fracture. That is why these bones rarely break. High impact car accidents or falls on a hard surface from high above the ground are capable of generating enough force to break the human body’s strongest bone. People that have diseased bones or fragile bones caused by osteoporosis are more prone to experiencing femur fractures. 3 out of every 10,000 people under the age of 25 will experience a femur fracture every year while 3 out of every 10,000 people over the age of 65 will experience a fracture every year.
The patella or kneecap is one of three bones that form the knee joint. The kneecap is located over the knee joint where the femur and tibia meet. The patella protects the knee joint and also connects the thighbone muscles to the shinbone muscles which allow the leg to straighten at the knee joint.1% of all fractures are patella fractures. Patella fractures are most common in people ages 20 to 30. Men suffer twice as many patella fractures than women.
Vehicle operators are especially prone to wrist fractures. A driver that sees an impending accident in the rear-view mirror will instinctively grip the steering as tight as possible in an attempt to brace for the impact. The force of the accident puts the wrists under a tremendous amount of pressure. In this situation something has to give. Most of the time the wrists that aren’t able to hold-up under the pressure and break.
Lower leg fractures occur when the tibia or fibula bone is broken. The tibia, or shinbone, is a weight bearing-bone that helps supports our body weight. It is the second longest bone in the body and it is located on the inside half of the leg and runs from the knee to the ankle. No other bone in the human body is broken more often than the tibia bone. The fibula runs alongside the tibia. It is thinner than the tibia. Most tibia fractures cause the fibula to fracture.