Those suffering from renal injuries typically complain of abdominal or flank pain. It is critical that medical professionals undertake a urinalysis and, based on those results, further investigation undertaken. The use of CT scans has also contributed to the decreased reliance on surgical explorations of renal injuries. While the presence of urinary extravasation itself does not necessarily indicate that surgical exploration is necessary, it does confirm the presence of a major renal injury.
Diaphragmatic trauma typically results from penetrating or blunt trauma, where 80 to 90% of blunt diaphragmatic ruptures are due to car accidents. Lateral impact from a motor vehicle crash can sometimes distort the chest wall and cut the ipsilateral diaphragm. The incidence of diaphragmatic injury in blunt trauma increases in accordance with the occurrence of high-speed car accidents.
A laparotomy is typically performed on patients who have sustained abdominal trauma, where imaging tests such as CT scans and x-rays cannot provide a diagnosis. The abdomen is opened in order to access the appendix, bladder, gallbladder, intestines, kidney, ureters, liver, pancreas, spleen, stomach, and/or uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. During the procedure, a biopsy can also be taken.
Chest trauma describes any physical injury to the chest, including to the lungs, heart, and ribs. Chest trauma specifically due to blunt force is a significant source of mortality in the United States. In fact, some statistics indicate that it accounts for 25% of all deaths due to traumatic injuries. It can lead to damage to the various thoracic cavity components, including the lungs, ribs, esophagus, heart, and the diaphragm.
If you are experiencing a rapid heart rate and rapid shallow breathing after a traumatic incident or a car crash, you may have suffered chest trauma that resulted in a hemothorax. Make sure you are examined and diagnosed by a medical doctor immediately. You may be able to pursue compensation for damages such as medical bills, pain and suffering, permanent injury or disability, costs of physical therapy and rehabilitation, lost wages from missed work, diminished earning capacity, mental anguish and emotional distress, punitive damages, and/or property damage or loss.
If you are experiencing chest pain and coughing up blood after a traumatic incident or a car crash, you may have a pulmonary contusion. Make sure you are examined and diagnosed by a medical doctor immediately. You may be able to pursue compensation for damages such as medical bills, pain and suffering, permanent injury or disability, costs of physical therapy and rehabilitation, lost wages from missed work, diminished earning capacity, mental anguish and emotional distress, punitive damages, and/or property damage or loss.
A cardiac contusion is a complication of an injury such as are often sustained in a car accident. A myocardial contusion, also known as a cardiac contusion is a bruised area of the heart muscle that is caused by blunt injury or trauma to the chest wall. Even after a victim recovers from a cardiac contusion, heart failure is in the victim’s future because of the damage the contusion does to the heart.
The first step in address blunt tracheal injuries is to assess and stabilize the victim’s airway, breathing, and circulation. Medical imaging is used to identify areas of concern and suggest treatment options. Treatment of tracheal injuries may include surgery to repair the trachea and restore functionality to the windpipe. A breathing tube may be inserted to help victims recover and keep the airways open due to inflammation of the throat after the injury and surgery.
At first, victims of esophageal injury experience pain. If a perforation or tear occurs symptoms include difficulty swallowing, chest pain, and breathing problems. Other symptoms include: fast breathing, fever, low blood pressure, rapid heart rate, neck pain or stiffness.
Blunt aortic injuries are classified by type of injury. The three main types of blunt aortic injury are as follows: (1) an aortic rupture often leads to death and is the most serious of the aortic injuries because of the rapid and uncontrollable loss of blood at the accident or car crash site; (2) a hemorrhage of either the aorta or another organ injured is the second type of injury; and finally (3) a contained aortic injury – where there is bleeding but no rupture or tear of the aorta has occurred.
Spleen injuries occur when there is a significant impact to the spleen from some outside source, like an automobile crash, damaging or rupturing the spleen. A ruptured spleen is a life-threatening emergency. It can cause serious internal bleeding or hemorrhaging. The rupture can occur immediately after an injury, or in the days or weeks after an injury.
The liver is the most frequently injured abdominal organ in blunt trauma scenarios. The second most common injury to the liver occurs when there is penetrating abdominal trauma. Any blunt force directed at the abdomen will result in trauma to the liver. The liver tissue may be sheared, lacerated, or ruptured. This will cause internal bleeding, bile leakage, or a combination of both. This type of injury is common in car crashes, work related accidents, and falls from extreme heights.
Injuries to the pancreas are not common. The pancreas is protected by many other organs. If the pancreas is injured due to blunt trauma, other organs in the area are injured as well. A motor vehicle accident, workplace accident, or fall are common ways blunt trauma to the pancreas occurs.
A subdural hematoma is the result of a serious head injury. Generally, a hematoma is a collection of blood outside of the blood vessel, artery or vein. A subdural hematoma is the collection of blood outside of the brain but within the skull. Because the brain is inside the skull and the brain is suspended in cerebrospinal fluid, when a subdural hematoma forms it pushes on the brain and squeezes cerebrospinal fluid out of the skull. Cerebrospinal fluid leaks from the eyes, nose or ears.
A pneumothorax is a collapsed lung. The condition occurs when air leaks into the space between the chest wall and lungs. The air pushes on the outside of the lung and makes it collapse. Some extreme cases are life threatening. The vast majority of cases however, involve collapse of a portion of the lungs.