Types Of Medications Prescribed After An Accident

Several types of medications are prescribed after a motor vehicle or slip and fall accident. Some are as follows:

Benzodiazepines

Prescription Drugs for PainNames: Alprazolam (Xanax), Clonazepam (Klonopin), Deazepam (Valium), Lorazepam (Ativan), Triazolam (Halcion)

Characteristics: sedative, anti-anxiety

Purpose: reduce myofascial pain, muscle spams, anxiety/tension, seizures, insomnia

Cons: these types of drugs can cause psychological and physical dependencies. Withdrawals starts occurring within twelve to forty-eight hours after last dosage.

Side Effects: dry mouth, drowsiness, lethargy, fatigue, loss of coordination, constipation, sexual dysfunction.

Muscle Relaxants

Names: cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril),  paraflex (Chlorzoxazone), soma (Carisoprodol), metaxalone (Skelaxin), methocarbamol (Delaxin), diazepam (Valium)

Characteristics: Muscle relaxants decreasing involuntary movement, muscle spasms and muscle tone.

Purpose: Reduce muscle spasms, cervicogenic and tension headaches, inflammation

Cons: Should not be taken with MAOI or certain types of antidepressants. To reduce withdrawal symptoms must taper down off drug gradually

Side Effects: paraesthesia, insomnia, weaknesses, dizziness, drowsiness, blurred vision.

Non-Sterodial Anti-inflammatory Drugs

Names: ibuprofen  (Advil; Motrin), naproxen (Naprosyn), indomethacin (Indocid), diclofenac (Voltaren)

Characteristics:  Reduce swelling/inflammation

Purpose: Inflammation, pain, arthritis

Cons: Should not be taken while pregnant, overdosing can lead to gastrointestinal complications

Side Effects: anxiety, headaches, vertigo, nausea, heartburn, indigestion, stomach cramps, drowsiness

Narcotic Analgesics

Names: Meperidine (Demero), codeine (Codeine Contin), morphine, oxycodone (Oxycontin; Supeudol), oxycodone & ASA (Percodan), oxycodone & acetaminophen (Percocet),

Characteristics: Pain medication

Purpose: decrease severe and acute traumatic induced pain, reduce myofascial pain.

Cons: Can be very addictive. Not for prolonged use. Use caution when taxing using alcohol, antidepressants, muscle relaxants

Side Effects: dizziness, lethargy, sedation, respiratory complications, headache, nausea, vomiting.

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